Today, the Law Commission and the Ministry of Justice released an Issues Paper describing possible ways to improve the operation of the Search and Surveillance Act 2012.
The paper is intended to promote submissions from interested groups and people about whether the current range of search and surveillance powers for investigating and prosecuting crime in that Act should be reformed.
In 2012, many search and surveillance powers were consolidated into one Act following a long process that included a Law Commission review, two Bills before Parliament and extended public debate.
Donna Buckingham, Law Commissioner said:
“For the most part, those powers appear to be operating well. The powers are generally effective and adequate for investigating crime while recognising human rights, particularly our right to be free from unreasonable search and seizure. However, four years on, the operation of the Act and the rapid advance of new technology have highlighted a number of possible issues that need addressing."
“For example, the growth in “cloud computing” means that a significant amount of digital information that may be required to prosecute offending is now stored via the internet on cloud-based apps. The Act makes it more difficult to search that data and the Issues Paper asks whether that approach is still justified."
“Another issue we are aware of is that the Act requires a surveillance device warrant for only certain types of surveillance. It is not possible to get a warrant for other types of surveillance, such as computer programmes to track online activity. This creates considerable uncertainty about whether or not those other techniques can be used.”
Rajesh Chhana, Deputy Secretary Policy at the Ministry of Justice, stated:
“This joint review, which is required under the Act, will help ensure the law strikes an appropriate balance between protecting people’s rights and enabling law enforcement agencies to effectively investigate and prosecute crime. It’s important that any recommendations for change take the public’s views into account. I encourage anyone with an interest in these issues to make a submission.”
Ms Buckingham continued:
“This Issues Paper provides an opportunity for all New Zealanders to have their say if they think either that the powers in the Act are not effective for law enforcement purposes or that they are not sufficient to protect the rights of individuals.”
Submissions are open until Friday 16 December 2016. The views expressed in those submissions will help the Law Commission and Ministry of Justice formulate recommendations for reform of the Act, which will be contained in its final report. That report must be given to the Minister of Justice by 28 June 2017.
- For further information and comment, contact: Linda McIver, Senior Legal Policy Adviser, Law Commission, tel (04) 914 4837 or firstname.lastname@example.org
- This media release and a copy of the Issues Paper is available from our website at www.lawcom.govt.nz
- Submissions on the Issues Paper can be made at https://consultations.justice.govt.nz