Infringement Offences

Start date
01 June 2004
04 473 3453
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Project Overview

This project reviewed the principles and scope of infringements as a contribution to a major project by the Ministry of Justice, and proposed a framework for reform.

Terms of Reference 

Review to consider the principles that should govern the creation of infringement offences in legislation, the setting of penalties, and the administration of infringement offence regimes. The Law Commission to undertake work on the following specific areas of the Review: 

1. Identifying the nature and purposes of infringement offences including: 

  • the types of conduct they should sanction and any limitations; 
  • whether they should be treated as civil or criminal breaches, or whether they should have a separate jurisdiction; 
  • the basis on which they should be distinguished from general offences; 

2. The desirability of subsuming minor offences into the infringement offence procedure; 

3. The principles and process for determining penalty levels including consideration of the relativities between court-imposed fines and infringements and the appropriateness and efficacy of fixed monetary penalties and other sanctions.